Garbage in, Garbage out
Garbage refers to bodily waste products, purely liquid or gaseous wastes, nor toxic waste products. we throw out so much rubbish or garbage every day from our homes, schools, shops and offices. The grains, pulses, biscuits, milk, or oil purchased in shops, are packed in plastic bags or tins. All these wrapping materials go out as garbage.We generate so much garbage in our
What if the garbage is not removed from our homes and surroundings?
If garbage is not removed regularly from our homes and surroundings then they will become dirty. Some of the garbage will rot giving off a foul smell. The rotting garbage will become a breeding ground for disease-causing organisms such as cockroaches, flies, and mosquitoes.
Where does the garbage go and what happens to it
Garbage’s are collected in trucks and take it to a low lying open area, called a landfill the garbage that can be reused is separated out from the one that cannot be used as such. The garbage has both useful and non-useful components. The non-useful component is separated out. It is then spread over the landfill and then covered with a layer of soil. Once the landfill is completely full, it is usually converted into a park or a playground. For the next 20 years or so, no building is constructed on it. To deal with some of the useful components of garbage, compost making areas are developed near the landfill.
If the garbage was found to rot completely and did not smell, mix it in the soil where you sow your favorite plants. This would provide nutrients to the plants. They form manure which is used for the plants. The rotting and conversion of some materials into manure is called composting.
How garbage’s are collected in cities
In some cities and towns, municipalities provide separate dustbins for collecting two kinds of garbage. Usually one is colored blue and the other green. The blue bin is for materials that can be used again — such as plastics, metals, and glass.The green bins are for collecting kitchen and other plant or animal wastes.
This method of preparing compost with the help of redworms is called vermicomposting. We can make manure by using vermicomposting at schools. Redworms do not have teeth. They have a structure called ‘gizzard’, which helps them in grinding their food. Powdered eggshells or sea shells could be mixed with the wastes. This would help redworms in grinding their food. A
redworm can eat food equal to its own weight, in a day. Redworms do not survive in very hot
or very cold surroundings.
THINK AND THROW
Before dumping we all need to think and throw because based on the types of wastes that can be recycled, which can be used. The wastes which cannot be recycled, the hazardous and non- biodegradable wastes, are dismantled or disposed off. Some of the fewimportant things which we need to think before throwing or dumping the garbage.
Can It Be Reused: There are many plastic bottles, jars and can which can be reused to hold or to store small daily required things.
Recycling of Wastes: There are various materials like paper, wood, glass, metal and plastic goods which can be sent to the respective recycling plants to produce new products instead of throwing and creating wastes for landfills, causing land and soil pollution.
Composting at Home: Composting is a natural and Eco-friendly method of recycling various organic materials including the agricultural wastes, vegetable peels, and plants wastes for producing manure. These compost are rich in nutrients, which helps plants to grow healthy and strong.
RECYCLING OF PAPER
make an estimate by using a bucket as a measure. Use a 5-10 litre bucket to collect the garbage from your home. The recycling of paper is the process by which waste paper is turned into new paper products. It has a number of important benefits: It saves waste paper from occupying homes of people and producing methane as it breaks down. Because paper fibre contains carbon recycling keeps the carbon locked up for longer and out of the atmosphere. After repeated processing the fibres become too short for the production of new paper .Paper suitable for recycling is called “scrap paper. The industrial process of removing printing ink from paper fibres of recycled paper to make deinked pulp is called deinking.
PLASTICS LASTICS – BOON OR A CURSE?
We often use plastic bags to store cooked food items. Sometimes these bags may not be suitable for keeping eatables. Consuming food packed in such plastic bags could be harmful to our health. Many a time shopkeepers use plastic bags that have been used earlier for some other purpose bags collected by rag pickers are also used after washing them. Use of such recycled plastic bags to keep food items could be harmful for our health. For storing eatables we must insist on use of plastic bags that are approved for such a use. All kind of plastics give out harmful gases, upon heating or burning. These gases may cause many health problems, including cancer, in humans. The government has also laid down guidelines for recycling of plastics.